3. Second Layer

This section briefly: The white side is turned downwards, and the colors of the edge pieces of each side are matched.

Up to this point, you've had it relatively easy, but from here on, you'll need to focus. The white side is now complete and is no longer needed. You can turn the white side downwards. Moving the pieces of the second layer requires at most three different move combinations. However, the emphasis is on two move combinations: right and left. These combinations move the edge piece of the top row to the middle row, either to the right or to the left. The third combination is used if necessary, its purpose will be explained below.

In practice, this step proceeds as follows: Choose the position where you want to bring the edge piece. Then find the edge piece that belongs to that position and bring it to the front by turning the top row. If the target is on the left, use the left move sequence, and if it's on the right, use the right move sequence. Often, the desired edge piece is already stuck in the wrong position. You can release that piece by moving another piece there – preferably a correct one – using the same moves.

Move sequence: left

This combination moves the edge piece of the top row to the middle piece on the left side. Find a matching edge piece and move it to the correct position.

U’ L’ U L U F U’ F’

Move sequence: right

This combination moves the edge piece of the top row to the edge piece on the right side. Find a matching edge piece and move it to the correct position.

U R U’ R’ U’ F’ U F

The third move sequence is needed if the edge piece is in the correct position but in the wrong orientation. In this case, the colors are reversed.

Move sequence: correcting the orientation of the middle edge piece

This combination swaps the colors of the edge piece. Like many other long move sequences, this one also combines two sequences. First, the edge piece is lifted to the top row, then it is rotated (U2) to the same situation as in the previously mentioned right move sequence. Using the familiar move sequence, the piece can be placed in the correct orientation.

U R U’ R’ U’ F’ U F U2 U R U’ R’ U’ F’ U F

Now your cube has two layers completed! The following steps will focus on the final layer.